Fractals are a very important aspect of creating visual graphics using computers. Before the use of Fractals it would have been near impossible to create visual landscapes that are so common today, complex structures suchas as mountain ranges created with ease with the aid of fractals. For more information on the theory behind fractals I highly reccommend the documentary 'Fractals - Hunting The Hidden Dimension', which is linked here.

For a deeper insight on Fractals, Mandelbrot's 'Fractals: Form, Chance, And Dimension' is the most significant book on the topic.

After researching into fractals, I have attempted to create programs that recreate fractal algorithms. The most basic of these that I have recreated is Helge Von Koch's Koch Curve.